Effects of Opioids Given to Facilitate Mechanical Ventilation on Sleep Apnea After Extubation in the Intensive Care Unit.
Authors: Timm FP, Zaremba S, Grabitz SD, Farhan HN, Zaremba S, Siliski E, Shin CH, Muse S, Friedrich S, Mojica JE, Kurth T, Ramachandran SK, Eikermann M.
Fifty-six ICU patients underwent polysomnography the night after extubation. Airflow limitation during wakefulness was identified using bedside spirometry. Correlation and ordinal regression analyses were used to quantify the effects of preextubation opioid dose on postextubation apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and severity of sleep apnea and whether or not inspiratory airway obstruction (ratio of maximum expiratory and inspiratory airflows at 50% of vital capacity [MEF50/MIF50] ≥ 1) during wakefulness predicts airway obstruction during sleep